Genital Warts

A concise overview of genital warts

Genital Warts

A concise overview of genital warts

Overview

Far too common viral sexually acquired infection

Genital warts are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Genital warts remain one of the most common conditions treated in GUM clinics with over 130,000 cases treated a year in the UK in 2015.

Many different types of HPV

There are approximately 120 types of HPV, of which about 40 infect the genital tract. Types 6 and 11 are responsible for 90% of genital warts cases.

It is not necessary to inform your partner about HPV

Your partner does not need to get tested for HPV or receive any treatment if they have no symptoms. This is where HPV and genital warts are managed very differently from other classical STIs like Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea and Syphilis. 

Therefore, it’s not necessary for you to tell your partner that you have been diagnosed with genital warts. However, your relationship may be such that you may feel it is necessary to share your diagnosis with your partner to help with your inner well-being.

Your sexual life does not need to come to a standstill

Most people who have been exposed to HPV do not get any warts. There is a good chance that you and your partner have already shared the virus with each other and like most people who carry the virus without getting any symptoms, your partner has not developed any warts.

In the unlikely event that your partner does get warts in the future, it does not mean that he has necessarily contracted this virus from you. It’s possible that they may have been exposed to the virus even before starting your relationship and have never developed warts before.

Symptoms

Read more about genital warts symptoms, including pictures.

  • Dormant virus most of the time 
  • Warts can appear at distant sites
  • Strain on relationships

Causes

Read more about causes of genital warts.

 

  • Transmission of HPV/Genital Warts by sexual contact
  • You can get anal warts without ever having anal sex
  • Condoms do not offer full protection
  • First contact with HPV may never be known

Diagnosis

Read more about diagnosing genital warts.

  • Important to have correct diagnosis before treatment 
  • Clinical examination best diagnosis for genital warts
  • Other lesions commonly mistaken for genital warts 
  • Lab biopsy in case of doubt

Treatment

Read more about genital wart treatments.

  • Genital warts can be treated, HPV cannot
  • Instant & effective treatment with minimal pain available
  • Cryotherapy & local creams less effective method 
  • Recurrence is possible 

Research